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Earthquake

A sudden movement (or) trembling of the earth crust is called as earthquake. The movement of the tectonic plates, mass wasting, landslides, surface fault, etc., causes earthquake. The sudden shaking of the earth at a place for a short spell of time is called an earthquake. The duration of the earthquake may be a few seconds to some minutes. The point where an earthquake originates is called its ‘focus’. The vertical point at the surface from the focus is called ‘epicentre’.

Effects

Due to a strong earthquake, loss of lives, buildings, roads, bridges and dams are damaged. Earthquake cause floods, tsunamis, landslides, fires, break down of water supply and electrical lines. It may change the course of a river too.

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Nature

What to do?

DROP : where you are, onto your hands and knees. This position protects you from being knocked down and also allows you to stay low and crawl to shelter if nearby.

COVER : your head and neck with one arm and hand

  1. If a sturdy table or desk is nearby, crawl underneath it for shelter
  2. If no shelter is nearby, crawl next to an interior wall (away from windows)

HOLD ON : until the shaking stops.

  1. Under shelter: hold on to it with one hand be ready to move with your shelter if it shifts
  2. No shelter: hold on to your head and neck with both arms and hands.
  3. HOLD ON to your shelter and be prepared to move with it until the shaking stops.

Before

  1. Build an emergency kit.
  2. Make a family communications plan.
  3. Know the safe spots in every room—under a sturdy table or against an inside wall.
  4. Secure household items
  5. Ask your family to hold earthquake drills—drop, cover, and hold on!

During

  1. If you are inside: DROP to the ground. COVER yourself under a sturdy table or other heavy furniture. If there is nothing to get under, cover your head and neck with your arms and crouch near an inside wall. HOLD ON until the shaking stops.
  2. If you are using a wheelchair or a walker with a seat: LOCK your wheels. COVER your head and neck with your arms, a pillow, a book, or whatever is available. HOLD ON and maintain your position with your head and neck covered until the shaking stops.
  3. If you are in bed, stay there and cover your head and neck with a pillow.
  4. STAY AWAY from windows, glass, lighting fixtures, or furniture that could fall, like bookcases.
  5. STAY INSIDE! Do not use elevators!
  6. If you are outside: Stay there. Move away from buildings, streetlights, and wires until the shaking stops. Be very careful before re-entering your home or other buildings. Be sure a parent or adult is with you.

After

  1. Expect aftershocks. They are usually not as strong but can cause damage.
  2. Do not enter a damaged building.
  3. Open cabinets carefully. Objects might have moved and could fall on you.
  4. Wear long pants, long sleeves, and shoes to protect your skin from getting scratched by broken objects.
  5. Text, don’t talk. Unless there’s a life-threatening situation, send a text so that you don’t tie up phone lines needed by emergency workers. Plus, texting may work even if cell service is down.
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Activity

Word Search

Pick the images for do’s and don’ts during Earth Quake?

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Answer

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Find the words given in the box and Circle them in the word puzzle


woman at the beach

Disaster

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sq-sample26

Disaster

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Pretty Girl

Disaster

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Escalator Blue

Disaster

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woman feeling

Disaster

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Bikini Girl

Disaster

Activity

Contact

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